Ethiopia is a country in the horn of Africa with over 3000 years of history and with diverse ethnic groups (more than 80), its own language, rich culture and magnificent scenery. Ethiopia’s nature, culture, history and archeology merge to give a timeless appeal. Ethiopia is the cradle of Human Kind and walking on Ethiopian soil means you are walking on the footprints of your ancestors.
Diverse as its people, Ethiopia spots a variety of beautiful scenery, with tropical rain forests, high moor land with Afro-alpine flora, ever-green Montane forest, lakes, rivers, savannah and deserts. Ethiopia is a country of extremes. For instance the Danakil Depression (also known as the Afar Depression or the Afar Triangle) is the lowest point of terra firma on the continent at 116m below sea level; this differs from the altitude of 4543 above sea level at Ras Dashen. Danakil is also the hottest point on the planet with an average temperature of 34-35°C. These differences and other geographical diversities have resulted to a wide variation in rainfall, humidity and temperatures. In addition, Addis Ababa, the capital city of Ethiopia, is Africa’s highest city and the third highest in the world standing at 2,400m above sea level; Sof Omar is the largest cave in Africa.
Ethiopia is the fourth largest bio-diversity zone in the world with the most unique species of flora and fauna in the African continent and all of which encompasses our land of sublime extremes. There are about 20 national parks, 4 wildlife sanctuaries, 8 wildlife reserves as well as 18 controlled Hunting areas. Don’t expect your typical zoo. Ethiopia gives you the chance to experience those uncommon animals (845 species of birds, and 260 mammals; 48 of which are endemic to this land (17 Birds and 31 Mammals)) in their natural habitats.
Ethiopia prides herself of her rich and fascinating history. For instance, the oldest church in the whole of Africa is found in Ethiopia, the country has also her own script, notation system and calendar. During the scramble for Africa, Ethiopia remained the only African country that was not colonized. In spite of numerous ethnic groups, the Ethiopians united to defend their country against the Italians invasion.
Ethiopia has the most extensive historic sites in sub-Saharan Africa. Experts estimate that only a small percentage has been discovered and excavated. From the giant Stalae found at Axum (the Axumite kingdom being one of the greatest civilizations of ancient world) to the massive marvelous rock hewn churches of Lalibela (the eighth wonder of the world), the walled city of Harar (Jugol), and the 17th century castles of Gondar (African Camelot) speaks of nothing but a people’s great faith and unmatched architectural skills consequently, making Ethiopia one of the ideal places for tourism.
Ethiopia remains stubbornly Ethiopian, unbuckling under the pressure of globalization either as a result of colonization or the new trends of cultural standardization. It remains a hallmark of cultural preservation and authenticity with its unique ceremonies, practices and celebrations.
Ethiopia is a peaceful country with very tolerant people; consequently, security is not a challenge. It is also one of the fastest-growing economies in the world and Africa’s second most populous country.